Historical events of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries contributed to the fact that women were forced to expand the list of their traditional social roles, which could not but lead to the fact that the status of a woman began to change in literary works. The development of women's movements, and especially the feminist movement, contributed to the growth of widespread attention of researchers to the study of the role and image of women in Ukrainian literature.
Focusing on the differentiation of the male and female in the literature, we get the opportunity to radically change the idea of the social status of a man and a woman, their relationship in the conditions of the hierarchy formed in a concrete-historical society.
Analysis of the category "gender" allows you to differently evaluate sociocultural processes, formed stereotypes of the interpretation of the problem of power and dominance in social life, profession, career, household life of people depending on their gender. The gender aspect of literary criticism provides ample opportunities for interpreting the artistic text as a kind of gender picture of the world, where the male and female type, the nature of the worldview, is specifically revealed.
The relevance of the study is due to the fact that feminism from the point of view of history and sociology has been studied very thoroughly, and from literary positions - in insufficient. The consideration of Panas Mirny's novel Poviya in the gender aspect contributes to the identification of national features of the existence, life and culture of the Ukrainian people.
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